Pre-Intermediate Lesson 5: Telling stories
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Combining verbal tenses
To tell a story you need to organize the events in order of happening and connect them properly.
Let’s remember the organization of the verbal tenses:
Past continuous + Past simple.
Helen was blocked by a little girl while she was hurrying down the metro stairs.
Past perfect + Simple past.
When she got home, the other girl had already gone.
If you have two actions in the past, the first to happen goes in the past perfect:
(2) He came here yesterday, but (1) he had already been here last week.
Remember that the order of the sentences can be changed:
While Helen was hurrying down the metro stairs she was blocked by a little girl .
The other girl had already gone when she got home.
First (of all)
In the next day
In the end
- Simultaneous actions
He phoned while she was locking the door.
He phoned when she was locking the door.
- Sequenced actions
He called before she had left.
She left after he had called.
She had left, when he called.
She left immediately after he had called.
She had just left, when he called.
The + comparative
The more I study, the more confused I get.
Reason, cause, purpose
Because, as, since, so that, in order that
As/since/because you have already done the exam you don’t need to study that again.
You need to study this lesson in order so/that you can do the exam.
Although, even though, even if, no matter if, while, but
I worked a lot, but/although/even though I had a lot of fun.
I will continue working at the office, even if/no matter if I don’t approve this year
What do you know about:
- Pearl Harbour
- World War II
- The bomb called ‘Little Boy’
- The Tibetan Lamas
- Past Perfect – Mixed Exercise
- Past Perfect – Negations – Exercise
- Past Perfect – Sentences – Exercise
- Past Perfect and Simple Past (Statements) – Exercise
- Past Perfect exercise
- Past Perfect vs. Present Perfect exercise
- Past Perfect Simple Positive and Negative
- Past Perfect Simple Questions
- Choose the Past Perfect or the Past Simple
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