Pre-Intermediate Lesson 5: Telling stories

Use verb tenses combinations to tell stories.
Grammar: tenses combination,  Vocabulary: linkers

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Combining verbal tenses

To tell a story you need to organize the events in order of happening and connect them properly.

Let’s remember the organization of the verbal tenses:

 

Past continuous + Past simple.

Helen was blocked by a little girl while she was hurrying down the metro stairs.

 

Past perfect + Simple past.

When she got home, the other girl had already gone.

If you have two actions in the past, the first to happen goes in the past perfect:

(2) He came here yesterday, but (1) he had already been here last week.

 

Remember that the order of the sentences can be changed:

While Helen  was hurrying down the metro stairs she was blocked by a little girl .

The other girl had already gone when she got home.

Linkers

Action linkers

First (of all)

Next

Then

Before (that)

After (that)

Later

In the next day

In the end

Finally

 

Conjunctions

So

Because

 

Sequence linkers

  • Simultaneous actions

He phoned while she was locking the door.

He phoned when she was locking the door.

  • Sequenced actions

He called before she had left.

She left after he had called.

She had left, when he called.

She left immediately after he had called.

She had just left, when he called.

Comparison

The + comparative

The more I study, the more confused I get.

Reason, cause, purpose

Because, as, since, so that, in order that

As/since/because you have already done the exam you don’t need to study that again.

You need to study this lesson in order so/that you can do the exam.

Contrast, concession

Although, even though, even if, no matter if, while, but

I worked a lot, but/although/even though I had a lot of fun.

I will continue working at the office, even if/no matter if I don’t approve this year

Questions

What do you know about:

  • Pearl Harbour
  • World War II
  • The bomb called ‘Little Boy’
  • The Tibetan Lamas

Video

Read the movie script.

Watch the movie ‘Little Boy’

 

Gammar exercises

Your turn!

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