Elementary Lesson 9: relative pronouns

Talk about your prerences.
Grammar: relative clauses, Vocabulary: descriptions

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There are many things we sometimes forget to remember…

There are many things (that) we dream with.
There are many people (who) we care for.
There are many moments (that) we cherish.
There are people whose attitudes we will never forget.
How often do you think on the people (who) you met?
How often do you remember the places (where) you have been?
How often do you recall the good things (that) people told you?
How often do you think about the people who …,

the places where …,

the things which made a good difference in your life?

Are you good at guessing?

It is a place where you go to have fun. It is a big open area where you can find many games and junk food. For example, you can eat there a candy which is made only with colored sugar and is very soft. There is another food which is a baked salted dough cut in halves with a long roll piece of cooked red meet put inside. The people who work in this place have no fix address, they go from city to city. Some are interesting people who can do unusual things and who make performances to the audience. But there are others who only take care of the games or sell things.

Guess which is the place, which are the foods and who are some of the people you may find there.


Defining relative clauses

The relative pronouns who, which, whose and where are used to connect two sentences without repeating the person or the object:
There are many people. We care for this people
There are many people who we care for.

When you have a person following the relative pronoun you can use that or zero pronoun.
That is the career. I always dreamed with that career.
That is the career (that) I always dreamed with.
That is the girl. He told you about that girl.
That is the girl (who/that) he told you about.

When both sentences have the same subject you can not take the relative pronoun out because it will be the person of the second sentence, and you can not substitute it by ‘that’.
That is the girl. She made me cry.
That is the girl who made me cry.
Venice is an Italian city. It attracts many tourists.
Venice is an Italian city which attracts many tourists.

Whose gives an idea of possession.
That is the teacher. I can’t remember her name.
That is the teacher whose name I can’t remember.

Where is only used for places.
This is the city. I want to live here.
This is the city where I want to live.


Let’s write some definitions:

What is a beach?
A beach is a place formed with sand from the sea, where people go on summer vacations to sunbathe, swim and relax. There are many famous beaches in Rio de Janeiro.
Now it’s your turn:
What is…

  • a mountain?
  • a snorkel?
  • a village?
  • a coach?

Think about …

  •  The last person whose advice was decisive for you.
  •  The one who brought you the greatest joy.
  •  The gift which made you the happiest.
  •  The dream that you will never give up.
  •  The one who first kissed you.
  •  The place where you want to live forever.
  •  The thing that would change your life.
  •  The career which you always dreamed of.
  •  The person whose face you will never forget.
  •  The one whose name you will always cherish.

Gammar exercises

Your turn!

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